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Treatment of Cataracts

By Johnson City Eye Clinic

Treatment of CataractsA cataract is the clouding of the natural lens inside the eye, causing vision to become blurry, hazy, and less colorful.  Cloudiness may start out in only a small part of the eye and may not initially be noticeable. As the cataract grows bigger, however, it will continue to cloud more of the lens and affect your overall vision. It affects vision by distorting light as it passes through the lens of the eye.  The following are some additional vision changes you may notice if you have a cataract:
. Seeing double (when you see two images instead of one)
. Being extra sensitive to light
. Having difficulty driving and seeing well at night
. Needing more light when you read
. Seeing bright colors as faded or yellow instead

Cataracts cause vision loss that cannot be corrected with glasses or contact lenses.

Most cataracts are associated with the aging process and are common among older Americans.

While the thought of cataracts might sound scary, cataract surgery is one of the safest and most successful procedures performed today.  More than 3 million cataract surgeries are performed in the U.S. every year, with the vast majority of these procedures producing excellent visual outcomes. The goal of cataract surgery is to remove the old, clouded lens and insert a replacement or artificial lens which allows the patient to see more clearly.  The procedure is typically performed on an outpatient basis and does not require an overnight stay in a hospital or other care facility.

Prior to cataract surgery your eye care physician will perform a comprehensive eye exam to check the overall health of your eyes, evaluate whether there are reasons why you should not have surgery, and identify any risk factors you might have.  In addition, a refraction will be performed to accurately determine the amount of nearsightedness, farsightedness, and/or astigmatism you have prior to your surgery.  Additional measurements of your eyes will be taken to determine the corneal curvature and the length of your eye.  It is essential for your surgeon to obtain these measurements in order to determine the proper power of the intraocular lens and to give you the best possible vision following surgery.

Refractive cataract surgery is the term used to describe a procedure where traditional cataract surgery is combined with special lens implants which are designed to correct distance vision, near vision, and/or astigmatism, thereby decreasing your dependency on glasses following cataract surgery.

Traditionally, these surgeries were performed by making tiny incisions in the eye with a surgical blade.  At Johnson City Eye Clinic and Surgery Center, patients now have the option to choose a bladeless, computer controlled laser to complete several of the critical steps of cataract surgery.

The LenSx® Femtosecond Laser will allow you to enjoy a true state of the art surgery option allowing for customization in your cataract surgery.  The LenSx® Laser assists your surgeon in planning and performing your surgery based on the precise specifications of YOUR eyes.  These specifications are unique to each patient and are determined through a series of special tests.  This is particularly helpful to those patients who wish to become less dependent on glasses after cataract surgery.

The cost of basic cataract surgery is covered by the majority of insurance plans, Medicare and Medicaid.  Laser assisted refractive cataract surgery and some intraocular implants can cost more.  If you or someone you know are experiencing difficulties related to cataracts, schedule an eye appointment today.  Our Patient Counselor will be happy to meet with you and go over the options you have when considering surgery.

Johnson City Eye Center

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